Kapi Kanan

an integrated system with  cultural values and scientific temper for a monkey forest at Ayodhya 

Table of contents

01- Introduction 

In the temple city of Ayodhya, monkeys are revered but  no special place has ever been created for them till date. Kapi Kanan would be this place.

In certain areas conflicts between monkeys and humans is rising.

 Hundreds of people are dying, thousands getting injured due to rising human monkey conflict.  

Why are monkeys becoming a problem?

02 - The model of KAPI KANAN - 

simple ultra low cost , sustainable model to resolve human/monkey conflict

02 .1 The Kapi Kanan is a sanskrit word that means, "monkey forest".  

A safe sanctuary for monkeys that is frugal , low cost to set up and to maintain!  

The Kapi Kanan model is envisaged and designed by team of primatologists and animal lovers. (READ ABOUT OUR TEAM) With their experience and expertise they have come up with this model which one can EASILY set up! 

The cost of setting up one Kapi Kanan  is a TINY fraction of maintenence cost of one year of maintenence

2.2 - Area Requirements 


Detailed  steps for fencing 


1.     Measure the circumference of the area and divide it by five.  That’s the number of posts needed.

2.     Make posts.  For each post take one six-meter long plank and two one and a half meter planks, cut the edges of long plank blunt   and the edges of shorter planks at a slant on one side, nail the two shorter planks on the upper side of the long plank at an angle of 45 degrees, fix two iron angles, the upper  one meter below the top and the lower one a meter below and parallel to the upper one. When ready the upper end of the upper shorter plank would be ½ to ¾ of a meter higher than the longer plank because of the angle at which it is.

3.      Fix posts. Each post must be five-meter above the ground and one-meter below the ground.

4.     Weld mesh wire netting to the iron angles on outer side of the posts

5.     Fix PVC sheeting on the inner side of shorter wooden planks.  PVC sheeting must be soft, transparent and about one and half meter wide and in one piece without any joints anywhere.  It would  hang loose from the plank.

2.3 The food - trees plants and other 

Greening must improve  soil condition, biodiversity, micro climate, eco balance,  conserve water and not introduce undesirable pests. The tree species must belong to that area (as they would have high establishment rate), have a good root system, a moderate growth rate, good recovery from damage  and not introduce undesirable pests.

It would encompass plantation of monkey friendly trees, shrubs, under growth,  wild vegetables and local grasses.  The litter from different canopies would lead to  reduction in pH, electric conductivity  and increase in Organic Carbon, Potassium, Phosphorus, humus depositions and mineralization in general.

 Monkey friendly trees  are wild mango, toot, raj Jamun , guava, wild almonds, amaltas, amla, arjun, ashok  bael, bahera, bakain, barna, bistendu, bur, banyan, chamrod, dahu, dhoy, dhak,  gamhar, gondi, goolar, Hingot, imli, jungle jalebi,  Kachnar, kaim, katha, karanch,  kamani, khirni, kimu, kosam, kop, mahua, maggar, neem, nandan, peepul, pilkhan, padam, pilu, papri, rubber tree,  semal,  shisham,   siris, sinduri,   sonjna.

Shrubs are ber, berries, bansa, bitter Aloe, Akh, chidya ki juti,  chirchetta, gulabo, godni , hulhul , indrajali, jojhru, jawasa, jayee, katheri, kareel, kher, kankova, kheea, karpuravalli, lalphool, motha, mehndi, nagad bavdi  ronpheri , phool mata , peepli,   seedha siz, teel, toot,typha , tulsi.  Wild vegetables like jangli torai, ghobi, saem , goji, Ghokru, karonda, lasoda, kokum,  piyazee, chota sama , ghia-bato,  sarph gandh, shanti ka sag. Local grasses   like Lolium and others.                                           


Herbs  like karanja, kuth  ,nirgundi , kal-jeera, japakusum,  nimbuka

Precautions to be taken during plantation


Water can also be made available by designing rainwater harvesting routes. Especially if the area has hills. 

2.4   The tourism - generates revenue 

Tourism can also be set up, with or without tunnels or sky walks. 

Note : image for representation purposes only

Monkeys have Religious and cultural significance, so it can be a significant purpose of 

Tourists can feed monkeys 

Supervision and maintenence

Constitute a work force, create sustainable jobs,  prevent any wrong steps during  shifting, transporting and releasing as it  could lead to the breaking of the monkey groups,  dispersing them and leading to menace,  awareness programs on monkey behaviour and the do and don’ts of  living and dealing with monkeys, manage solid wastes including plastics to stop monkeys feeding on waste produced by humans, foraging enrichment, oversee the health of green and brown areas and establish an optimal bio diversity by increasing the population of earthworms,   insects including butterflies, bugs, millipedes, solitary wasps, toads  ground nesting birds, chicks, ducks, falcons, dogs,  weasels other mammals.