an integrated system with cultural values and scientific temper for a monkey forest at Ayodhya
Table of contents
In the temple city of Ayodhya, monkeys are revered but no special place has ever been created for them till date. Kapi Kanan would be this place.
In certain areas conflicts between monkeys and humans is rising.
In certain areas conflicts between monkeys and humans is rising.
Hundreds of people are dying, thousands getting injured due to rising human monkey conflict.
Why are monkeys becoming a problem?
Monkeys are wild animals
Monkeys are wild animals, they cannot be domesticated or live in cities. THey need an environment that they have lived and designed to ive in!
The forests are shrinking
The forests are shrinking, and monkeys then have mo option than to move to human dwellings in search of water or food.
Human behaviour with monkeys
Humans Give food to them, which in turn make them dependent and habitual of taking food from them. Instead of foraging, in the wild they turn to human dwellings. And then, some humans attack them, which invokes fear in monkeys and results into violence and conflicts.
The solutions are "impractical"
And the "solutions" adopted are not only costing a lot but also not solving anything. The methods are unsustainable. And hence, failing.
02 - The model of KAPI KANAN -
simple ultra low cost , sustainable model to resolve human/monkey conflict
02 .1 The Kapi Kanan is a sanskrit word that means, "monkey forest".
A safe sanctuary for monkeys that is frugal , low cost to set up and to maintain!
The Kapi Kanan model is envisaged and designed by team of primatologists and animal lovers. (READ ABOUT OUR TEAM) With their experience and expertise they have come up with this model which one can EASILY set up!
The cost of setting up one Kapi Kanan is a TINY fraction of maintenence cost of one year of maintenence.
2.2 - Area Requirements
An area of a radius of around 1 to 2 km is enough to house around 1000 monkeys!
Monkeys live in groups, that's why lot of land is not required.
2.3 - The BOUNDARY - WHICH MONKEYS CANNOT CLIMB!
It is very difficult to restrain monkeys unless the enclosure is entirely caged. This is what most current systems practice, putting monkeys in a CAGE. Now, it is next to impossible to create LARGE monkey cages. It is practically unachievable. It costs high, it is difficult to scale and have negative impact on monkeys mental health.
The boundary can instead can be a simple PVC fence. A PVC sheet on top without any "climb points" left so that MONKEY slip off while trying to climb it. See picture for reference.
Once set up, this can LAST for YEARS and have a hundred percent success rate, unless it is designed in a wrong way. It should not leave ANY SPACE/angle/hook to "hold" where the monkeys could climb.
Detailed steps for fencing
1. Measure the circumference of the area and divide it by five. That’s the number of posts needed.
2. Make posts. For each post take one six-meter long plank and two one and a half meter planks, cut the edges of long plank blunt and the edges of shorter planks at a slant on one side, nail the two shorter planks on the upper side of the long plank at an angle of 45 degrees, fix two iron angles, the upper one meter below the top and the lower one a meter below and parallel to the upper one. When ready the upper end of the upper shorter plank would be ½ to ¾ of a meter higher than the longer plank because of the angle at which it is.
3. Fix posts. Each post must be five-meter above the ground and one-meter below the ground.
4. Weld mesh wire netting to the iron angles on outer side of the posts
5. Fix PVC sheeting on the inner side of shorter wooden planks. PVC sheeting must be soft, transparent and about one and half meter wide and in one piece without any joints anywhere. It would hang loose from the plank.
2.3 The food - trees plants and other
Greening must improve soil condition, biodiversity, micro climate, eco balance, conserve water and not introduce undesirable pests. The tree species must belong to that area (as they would have high establishment rate), have a good root system, a moderate growth rate, good recovery from damage and not introduce undesirable pests.
It would encompass plantation of monkey friendly trees, shrubs, under growth, wild vegetables and local grasses. The litter from different canopies would lead to reduction in pH, electric conductivity and increase in Organic Carbon, Potassium, Phosphorus, humus depositions and mineralization in general.
Monkey friendly trees are wild mango, toot, raj Jamun , guava, wild almonds, amaltas, amla, arjun, ashok bael, bahera, bakain, barna, bistendu, bur, banyan, chamrod, dahu, dhoy, dhak, gamhar, gondi, goolar, Hingot, imli, jungle jalebi, Kachnar, kaim, katha, karanch, kamani, khirni, kimu, kosam, kop, mahua, maggar, neem, nandan, peepul, pilkhan, padam, pilu, papri, rubber tree, semal, shisham, siris, sinduri, sonjna.
Shrubs are ber, berries, bansa, bitter Aloe, Akh, chidya ki juti, chirchetta, gulabo, godni , hulhul , indrajali, jojhru, jawasa, jayee, katheri, kareel, kher, kankova, kheea, karpuravalli, lalphool, motha, mehndi, nagad bavdi ronpheri , phool mata , peepli, seedha siz, teel, toot,typha , tulsi. Wild vegetables like jangli torai, ghobi, saem , goji, Ghokru, karonda, lasoda, kokum, piyazee, chota sama , ghia-bato, sarph gandh, shanti ka sag. Local grasses like Lolium and others.
Herbs like karanja, kuth ,nirgundi , kal-jeera, japakusum, nimbuka
Precautions to be taken during plantation
(i) plant young trees and not of saplings
(ii) treat young shoots with natural repellents to deter animals from approaching them
(iii) protect young trees by tree guards
(iv) undertake trench and batch plantation instead of individual plants to save labor and water utilization
(v) use bio- manure to enrich the soil and If the area has an inherent problem of termites attacking the trees extensive replacement of topsoil with organic manure mixed with 'Neem Ki Khali’ would work
(vi) dig water holes, make mud bunds and trenches along the natural slopes for rainwater harvesting and to provide a ready source of drinking water for the monkeys.
Water can also be made available by designing rainwater harvesting routes. Especially if the area has hills.
2.4 The tourism - generates revenue
Tourism can also be set up, with or without tunnels or sky walks.
Monkeys have Religious and cultural significance, so it can be a significant purpose of
Tourists can feed monkeys
Supervision and maintenence
Constitute a work force, create sustainable jobs, prevent any wrong steps during shifting, transporting and releasing as it could lead to the breaking of the monkey groups, dispersing them and leading to menace, awareness programs on monkey behaviour and the do and don’ts of living and dealing with monkeys, manage solid wastes including plastics to stop monkeys feeding on waste produced by humans, foraging enrichment, oversee the health of green and brown areas and establish an optimal bio diversity by increasing the population of earthworms, insects including butterflies, bugs, millipedes, solitary wasps, toads ground nesting birds, chicks, ducks, falcons, dogs, weasels other mammals.